Rhinegold Gallery specializes in 20th century jewellery, art and objects: Art Nouveau (Jugendstil, Arts & Crafts, Skonvirke, Secession), Art Déco (Bauhaus, Neue Sachlichkeit) Mid-Century, Postmodernism and selected recent works.
All items will be accompanied by a certificate comprising a description, photographs and an unconditional guarantee of authenticity.
In addition to a classification of our objects according to function we offer our visitors a classification according to art period, which we have roughly defined as follows:
Art Nouveau (ca. 1895 to 1918 with a core period from 1900 to 1910)
We offer Art Nouveau jewellery from several European countries.
Influenced by the ideas of William Morris and John Ruskin the search for a modern style in art and decorative arts developed during the last decade of the 19th century in several European countries as an antithesis to the predominant classical style in art and the cheap mass production of goods caused by the industrialization. The involvement and reception of various art forms, styles and periods such as Japanese Art, Nordic Folk Art, Celtic and Medieval Art just as the interchange of ideas of artists participating in the new style led to an interesting diversity of regional characteristics, such as the German Jugendstil, British Arts & Crafts, French Art Nouveau, Danish Skonvirke, Viennese Secession and Wiener Werkstätte in Austria.
The German Werkbund steered towards a more functional style. Its founding in 1907 marked in Germany a gradual departure from the Jugendstil although – as in other countries as well – remnants of it survived especially in the decorative arts up to the mid-1920s, though usually more colourful due to the influences of Expressionist Art.
Art Deco (1919 to 1939)
We relate the term Art Deco to the period from 1919 to 1939, with an extension of the decade from 1939 to 1949 which, due to the political situation and in strong contrast to the period from 1919 to 1939, became a rather stagnant decade for European art and decorative arts.
Delayed by the First World War the reception of Expressionism, Fauvism and Cubism in the decorative arts becomes recognizable on a larger scale in the beginning 1920s, mixing at the same time with other cultural influences as well as those of everyday life. For these influences we refer exemplary to the costumes and stage designs of Sergej Diaghilev’s Russian Ballet and the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922.
The founding of the Bauhaus by Walter Gropius in 1919 and its increasing influence on architecture and decorative arts, de Stijl, Constructivism and, moreover the vast reception of technological innovations and their transformation into ornamental patterns (“streamline design”) led from – often colourful - designs of geometrically stylized natural forms with a large variety of exotic elements in the early 1920s to reduced, abstract and sometimes purely geometrical designs in the 1930s. Jewellery at that time is often carried out in platinum, white gold, silver or chromed metal, the cool elegance of its colour matching the designs.
Mid-Century (1940s to 1979)
Whereas artists and designers in the United States were able to lay the foundation of the mid-century modernistic style with their author jewellery (or art jewellery) already in the late 1930s / 1940s (Alexander Calder, Margaret de Patta, Claire Falkenstein, Paul Lobel, Ed Wiener, Francisco Rebajes, Sam Kramer, Art Smith, to name but a few), “Mid-Century” in Europe took place mostly during the third quarter of the 20th century, from the 1950s to the late 1970s.
Therefore our Mid-Century items on offer will mostly encompass the period from ca. 1950 to 1979.
Plenty of modernist designs created during the late 1930s /1940s by European artists and designers wandered into drawers to be drawn out again after the War, soon becoming a “typical of the time” piece of the post-war era. A well-known example is the so-called “Pregnant Luise”, a porcelain vase manufactured by the Rosenthal Company after WWII, which became a design symbol for the pastel-coloured kidneytable era of the 1950s. The vase was designed by Fritz Heidenreich in 1938.
For jewellery not intended by its designer as objet d’art but as jewellery in the classical sense the most important creative input after the Second World War came from Scandinavia, where designs by Sigurd Persson, Bertel Gardberg, Nanna & Jürgen Ditzel or Henning Koppel helped to create a new style in jewellery.
Among others jewellery is designed for Scandinavian companies by Henning Koppel, Torun Bülow-Hübe, Nanna & Jürgen Ditzel, Astrid Fog, Ibe Dahlquist and Bent Gabrielsen for Georg Jensen, by Hans Hansen, by Björn Weckström and Poul Havgard for Lapponia, Tapio Wirkkala for Nils Westerback, Tone Vigeland and Anna-Greta Eker for PLUS, Elis Kauppi for Kupitaan Kulta, Jorma Laine for Turun Hopea and Kultateollisuus Oy, Rey Urban for Åge Fausing, Helge Narsakka, Pekka Piekäinen, Mirjam Salminen, Liisa Vitali and Olavi L. Wehmersuo for Kaunis Koru.
Important impulses for author jewellery (or art jewellery) which appears as an independent work of art rather than an embellishment – a (self-) conception of jewellery that can be observed for the first time in jewellery pieces created by René Lalique and which fully develops to a new branch of jewellery during the second half of the 20th century – came from the Netherlands with Emmy van Leersum, Chris Steenbergen, Gijs Bakker, Robert Smit, Nicolaas van Beek or Onno Boekhoudt, from Germany with Friedrich Becker, Reinhold Reiling, Hermann Jünger, Fritz Maierhofer, Elisabeth & Helfried Kodré or Jens-Rüdiger Lorenzen, from Great Britain with Wendy Ramshaw and David Watkins, from Switzerland with Otto Künzli and Ottmar Zschaler and from Italy with the Padua School.
More Recent (1980 to the present day)
The category encompasses Postmodernism (ca. 1980 to 1995), e.g. Memphis, and few selected pieces made by artists, (jewellery-) designers and goldsmiths dating from the mid-1990s to the present day.
The person behind the website…
…is Martina Reichelt, graduate of the Free University of Berlin in Art History with many years’ experience in the jewellery and art trade. During her studies she focused on decorative arts and design of the 20th century. Contemporary jewellery of the 20th century first became her pastime, later on her business as well. Consequently, she expanded her knowledge about diamonds, coloured gemstones and organic substances. Her qualifications include diplomas in gemmology from the German Gemmological Association (DGemG) and from the Federation for European Education in Gemmology (FEEG), furthermore a diploma in Diamond Grading from the German Gemmological Association (DGemG).
Among others we buy and sell works by:
Karl-Heinz Adam, David Andersen, Mogens Ballin, Friedrich Becker, Jakob Bengel, Onno Boekhoudt, Elizabeth Bonté, Sören Borup, Viviana Torun Bülow-Hübe, Ibe Dahlquist, Sonya Delaunay, Fernand Demaret, Fritz Deutsch, Jürgen & Nana Ditzel , Puig Doria, Ehinger- Schwarz, Anna Greta Eker, Gertrude Engel, Franz-Josef Engeln, Gebrüder Falk, Astrid Fog, Patriz Huber, Gertrud Fries-Arauner, Aage Fausing, Theodor Fahrner, Lotte Feickert, Rudolf Feldmann, Niels Erik From, Irmgard Fuss, Staatliche Zeichenakademie Hanau, Hans Hansen, Poul Havgaard, Henkel & Grossé, Theodor Wilhelm Herbstrith, Karl Hermann (Hermann & Speck), Albert Hohlbein, Theresia Hvorslev, Fachschule Idar-Oberstein, Georg Jensen, Marga Jess, Frank & Regine Juhls, Albert Kahlbrandt, Karl Karst, Elis Kauppi, Christoph Kay, Emil Kellermann, Käte Kienast, Arthur Kim, Otto Klein, Anton Kling, Archibald Knox, Bent Knudsen, Friedrich Knupper, August Kölsch jun., Sophia Koenig, Kaunis Koru, Henning Koppel, Tony Koy, Kultateollisuus Ky, Kupitaan Kulta, Louis Kuppenheim, Edmond Lachenal, Jorma Laine, Levinger & Bissinger (Heinrich Levinger), Lauer & Wiedmann, Emil Lettré, Hugo Leven, Liberty & Co., Berthold Loeffler, Atelier Löwe, Sigfried Männle, Eva Mascher-Elsässer, Adolf Mayer sen., Martin Mayer, Victor Mayer, Hein Meyer, Berta Meyer-Jacobs, Meyle & Mayer, Anton Michelsen, Andreas Mikkelsen, Einar Modahl, Fritz Möhler, Ilse Möller, Karl Mohr, Christian Ferdinand Morawe, Helge Narsakka, Evald Nielsen, Wiwen Nilsson, Will Odening, Andreas Odenwald, Burkhart & Monika Oly, Björn Sigurd Østern, Perli, Sigurd Persson, Trude Petri, Pekka Piekäinen, Piel Fréres, Georg Pietsch, Antonio Pineda, Goldschmiedeschule Pforzheim, Plus Workshop, Grete Prytz-Kittelsen, Paco Rabanne, Frank Rebajes, Reinhold Reiling, relo, Oswald Richter-Engel (Richter von Berchem), Franz Rickert, Emil Riegel, Fritz Riesack, Toni Riik, Hildegard Risch, Walter Rönsch, Wilhelm Rolff, Karl Rothmüller, Käthe Ruckenbrod, Hugo Schaper, Otto Scharge, Georg Adam Scheid, Scholz & Lammel, Thor Selzer, Peter Skubic, Naum Slutzky, Rudolf Steiner, Willi Stoll, Otto Stüber, Jacob Tostrup, Wolfgang Tümpel, Elisabeth Treskow, Ernst Treusch, Rey Urban, Franz Valentin, Louis Vausch, Line Vautrin, Hildegard Vollers, Gertrud Weber-Vogel, Tone Vigeland, Poul Warmind, Björn Weckström, Theodor Wende, Wiener Werkstätte, Nils Westerback Oy, Johann Michael Wilm, Tapio Wirkkala, WMF (Württembergische Metallwaren Fabrik), Erna Zarges-Dürr, Herbert Zeitner, Max Zeitz, Ferdinand Zerrenner, Ottmar Zschaler